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“Cichociemni Spadochroniarze Armii Krajowej” Military Unit "GROM" - the Special Forces unit, formed on 13th July, 1990.
GROM stands for Grupa Reagowania Operacyjno-Manewrowego (Operational Maneuver Response Group)
This is the first Polish unit, which has been organized by the best of British and American models. This formation is prepared to conduct a comprehensive special operations, direct actions and antiterrorist missions in conditions of peace, crisis and war.
GROM unit can be compared to world well-known special formations:
• USA - 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment - Delta (so-called Delta Force)
• USA - SEALs Team VI (DEVGRU)
• United Kingdom - Special Air Service (SAS)
• Israel - Sayeret Matkal.
GROM soldiers possess skills useful in complex rescue operations aiming at rescuing hostages from the hands of terrorists. They can operate on land, but also on water (ships and drilling rigs) and air. GROM works in teams of four. These teams consist of well-trained and equipped commandos, who apart from general training hold two specialties, being radio telegraphists, marksmen, sappers, chemists, doctors, drivers. The group also includes analysts, electronics engineers, IT specialists, pyrotechnicians and other technicians. Thanks to them cooperation of individual teams is plausible. Each soldier is a professional in conducting special operations. They undertake several month-long arduous trainings in parachuting, diving, etc. Candidates for GROM service need to pass psychological and physical efficiency tests, and so-called “truth attempt”, which is a physically and mentally exhaustive field test, in which the weakest drop out.
GROM soldiers gain experience through participation in missions and trainings with the best special units in the world.
Participation in missions:
2002 - 2003 Kuwait;
2002 - 2008 Iraq;
Since 2002 Afghanistan.
GROM from the beginning was a fully professional formation. In Armed Forces, this has ensured the highest possible degree of training and preparation for different tasks in the country and beyond its borders. The unit is under a direct supervision of the Special Forces Commander.
Currently a commander of GROM is Col. Piotr GASTAL.